The Ten Essentials Plus
The Mountaineers in the 1930ís came up with a list of the minimum you should carry when you entered the wild; this was called the Ten Essentials. It was not just a survival kit but those things needed to have a safe and enjoyable adventure; if then things went wrong you had the survival essentials as well. The plus were a few items added later. When should it be taken; every time you go out into the wild, whether a few hour day hike, backpacking or a several month expedition to a true wilderness.
This kit is set up not only as a survival kit but those items that you will use daily. Quite often the kits I see are either too large and end up not being carried or are so small they are minimally effective. The items included are ones needed everyday for backpacking and camping so this satisfies those requirements and with the storage capacity also provides a day hike capability (or for ultralight hikers 2-3 day capability).
Ten Essentials (for the wild):
1. Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. Sunglasses . . . . . . . . +. Water Filter/Bottles
2. Compass . . . . . . . . . . . 7. First aid Kit . . . . . . . . +. Whistle
3. Flashlight/headlamp . . . 8. Pocketknife . . . . . . . . +. Insect Repellent or clothing
4. extra Food and water . . 9. Waterproof matches . . +. Sunburn preventative
5. extra Clothes . . . . . . . . 10. Fire starter . . . . . . . . +. Emergency Shelter
Victorinox Outrider Knife with an ergonomic handle and locking blade has the tools you need (can & bottle opener, scissors, common & Phillips screwdrivers, saw, corkscrew & awl), Zipka Plus Headlamp puts the light where you need it for up to 150 Hours and LED bulbs that never need replacing and a Suunto MCB Compass with mirror sighting system for use not just for basic navigation but for orienteering also and a Omniseal map case to keep your map (& permits) dry (includes three waterproof pages and a golf pencil for an improvised map).
Strobe on light, emergency blanket used as a reflective panel, mirror and whistle on the compass, firestarter and matches for fire.
Nylon Poncho for rain & wind, Max-it Head Gator and Max-it Z-Beanie for cold especially to prevent heat loss from head & neck, Bullfrog Quik Stik sunscreen to protect exposed skin (especially the head) from UVís in particular at high altitudes and Ultrathon Insect Repellent and No-Seeum Headnet to keep the pests off you (not only for annoyance but for West Nile virus stateside and Malaria, Dengue and Yellow Fever when out of the country) and Wiley-X Sunglasses to protect your eyes as well.
Food & Water:
Camelbak Mayhem or Camelbak Mule Hydration & Cargo Pack not only carries all the Ten Essentials well organized and easily accessible but holds 100 oz of drinking water with the drinking tube giving it to you on the go, Portable Aqua Water Purification Tablets to kill any microorganisms when replenishing water in the wild, three Clif Meal Replacement Bars to give energy not only on a survival situation but also if you just stayed out longer than you expected and a Piranha Foon (lexan fork/spoon) for eating on the go.
Adventure Medical Ultra Light .5 First Aid Kit to handle the life threatening as well as the pain and nicks, poncho, 550 cord and Emergency Space blanket allow a quick and easy shelter to weather a night stuck out in the wild and a Spark-lite Firestarter (with tinder) with Wind & Waterproof Survival Matches gets the fire going.
Tracks Compact Hiking Staff (which fits inside the Mayhem/Mule and probably the best way to avoid injuries on the trail), Camelbak Inline Water Filter and Field Cleaning Kit
Camelbak Mayhem Hydration & Cargo Pack
Victorinox Outrider Knife
Zipka Plus Headlamp
Wiley-X XL-1 Sunglasses
Suunto MCB Compass with whistle
Omniseal map Case with three waterproof pages & golf pencil
Piranha lexan Foon
Nylon Backpacker Poncho with grommets & 25' 550 cord
Emergency Space Blanket
Max-it Head Gator
Ultrathon Insect Repellent
Bullfrog Quik Stik Sunscreen
Spark Lite Firestarter
Wind & Waterproof Survival Matches with striker
Portable Aqua Water Purification Tablets
Camelbak Inline Water Filter
Camelbak Field Cleaning Kit
Three Clif Meal Replacement Bars
Tracks Compact Hiking Staff
All this together at over %15 savings individually.